standards, changing advisory circulars, changing
grant programs, so they do an excellent job of
collaborating and working with their clients who
are airports as they change things.
Obviously, as an example, if you are redesigning
a piece of pavement on an airfield, under one
set of design standards, and the design standards
change midway through the project, you have a
decision point to make: Which standard do you
use? Really, the only thing you can do at that point
I think is work with your local ADO, your FAA
officials, to get an understanding and agreement as
to which design standards are we actually going
to follow. I’ve seen it happen. Frankly, it doesn’t
happen frequently, thankfully, but it does happen.
It’s natural. It’s a natural part of how our safety
standards in this country evolve, which I think is
a good thing, but we need to recognize that it does
change and be able to adapt and respond and work
with the FAA appropriately and as they do change.
BREWER: Any thoughts?
CHANG: It’s a hard topic. Changing standards
are not just related to the airfield, but, certainly,
within the last decade there have been rapid
changes to terminal requirements. Airports have
had to change on the fly as to how to handle
security enhancements that continue to change.
How do you prepare for it? I think as the
industry is doing right now, just keeping their
ears to the rail and trying to design spaces
to accommodate change. Avoid bookending
facilities that are particularly subject to changes
from regulation, technology and traffic growth.
You have to design for flexibility, and we are
seeing that in terms of how gate areas are
designed to accommodate different fleet mixes,
because we don’t know what the next-generation
aircraft will be in terms of wing-tip clearances.
So, it is just trying to recognize that change is
inevitable in our industry, and trying to be smart
in placing facilities so that they don’t become
bookends too soon. Eventually they will, but not
BREWER: So you talked about being flexible, and
we’re just about ready to wrap up here, so I was
wondering if we could just go down the table.
Being flexible, are there lessons learned, something
that we talk to our members about, construction
and engineering and planning, what they should be
prepared for in terms of being flexible, ready for the
unexpected, and a lesson learned somewhere that
you could relay to them that here’s what another
airport went through and you don’t have to?
BOGGUS: I think Joe hit it as well. Things are