A second option is reconstructing within the same general
footprint. With the significant investment in a terminal’s
surrounding infrastructure, it may be more cost-effective
to reuse this infrastructure — the aprons, taxi lanes and
associated utilities. Reusing the existing surrounding
infrastructure to the extent feasible can yield substantial capital
savings, making your project more financially viable.
In this case, the same questions need to be answered. If the
existing terminal envelope no longer meets your current or
future needs, then reconstruction may be the best approach.
The original terminal layout may not be functional within the
current and projected airline operating environment. It also may
not be the most efficient gate layout. Airlines have increased
their gate utilization which can be more flexible and efficient,
potentially reducing the overall number of gates required.
LaGuardia Airport (LGA) in New York has taken this approach
for reconstruction, particularly with the adjacent airfield and
landside constraints. The LGA Central Terminal Building has
evolved and expanded over the years, but it has reached the
point where it is just not practical or cost-effective to renovate.
Just Start Over
At some point, an existing terminal facility and supporting
infrastructure age beyond their useful life or will not meet the
forecasted operational requirements. In addition, the answers
to the previous questions yield evidence that it is not practical
or feasible to renovate or reconstruct. If the airport has the
available land, then just starting over may be the best approach.
Kansas City International Airport is considering at least two
iterations of this option after initial studies recommended this
approach because of the advanced age of the existing terminals
combined with their unique operational characteristics.
Starting over provides a unique opportunity to maximize
operational performance and enhance financial potential with
concessions and tenants. This option typically comes with a
higher initial capital cost, but the long-term benefits may yield
the best alternative to meet your needs. In addition, it could
provide an opportunity to consider other on-site amenities, such
as rental car facilities, long-term parking and on-site hotels, for
easier access and better proximity to the airport.
No matter which option you choose, the long-term financial
benefit that provides the highest level of passenger service
and tenant opportunities will yield the best return on